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初中英英语语法学习提纲之十二  

2011-07-27 17:57:56|  分类: 继续教育 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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2、动词词形变化一览表:

(1)规则动词变化表:

 

则变

原形动词结尾情况

现在时单三人称

过去式和过去分词

一般情况

+s

+ing

+ed

s,x,ch,sh,o结尾

+es

+ing

+ed

辅音字母+y结尾

yi,+es

+ing

yi,+ed

重读闭音节一元一辅结尾

+s

双写辅音字母,+ing

双写辅音字母,+ed

不发音的e结尾

+s

去掉e,+ing

+d

ie结尾

+s

iey,+ing

+d

不规则变

havehasbeis

()  

(见不规则动词变化表)

注意:①在加inged时动词如果以“r”结尾,尾音节又重读的动词,r”应双写。

s/es的读音规则:在清辅音后读[s];在浊辅音后和元音后读[z];在[ s ][ F][z][tF][dV]后读[iz].

ed的读音规则:在清辅音后读[t];在浊辅音后和元音后读[d];在[t][d]后读[id].

(2)不规则动词变化表:( 原形 过去式 过去分词)

be(am,is)

  was

been

 

lose

lost

lost

 

be(are)

were

been

 

make

made

made

 

beat

beat

beaten

 

may

might

 

 

become

became

become

 

mean

meant

meant

 

begin

began

begun

 

meet

met

met

 

blow

blew

blown

 

mistake

mistook

mistaken

 

break

broke

broken

 

must

must

 

 

bring

brought

brought

 

pay

paid

paid

 

build

built

built

 

put

put

put

 

buy

bought

bought

 

read

read

Read

 

can

could

 

 

ride

rode

ridden

 

catch

caught

caught

 

ring

rang

rung

 

choose

chose

chosen

 

rise

rose

risen

 

come

came

come

 

run

ran

run

 

cost

cost

cost

 

say

said

said

 

cut

cut

cut

 

see

saw

seen

 

dig

dug

dug

 

sell

sold

sold

 

do

did

done

 

send

sent

sent

 

draw

drew

drawn

 

set

set

set

 

drink

drank

drunk

 

shall

should

 

 

drive

drove

driven

 

shine

shone

shone

eat

ate

eaten

 

show

showed

shown

fall

fell

fallen

 

shut

shut

shut

feel

felt

felt

 

sing

sang

sung

find

found

found

 

sink

sank/sunk

sunk/sunken

fly

flew

flown

 

sit

set

set

forget

forgot

forgot/forgotten

 

sleep

slept

slept

freeze

froze

frozen

 

smell

smelt

smelt

get

got

got

 

speak

spoke

spoken

give

gave

given

 

spend

spent

spent

go

went

gone

 

spill

spilt

spilt

grow

grew

grown

 

spoil

spoilt

spoilt

hang

hung/hanged

hung/hanged

 

stand

stood

stood

have(has)

had

had

 

sweep

swept

swept

hear

heard

heard

 

swim

swam

swum

hide

hid

hidden

 

take

took

taken

hit

hit

hit

 

teach

taught

taught

hold

held

held

 

tell

told

told

hurt

hurt

hurt

 

think

thought

thought

keep

kept

kept

 

throw

threw

thrown

know

knew

known

 

understand

understood

understood

lay

laid

laid

 

wake

woke/waked

woken/waked

learn

learnt/learned

learnt/learned

 

wear

wore

worn

leave

left

left

 

will

would

 

lend

lent

lent

 

win

won

won

let

let

let

 

write

wrote

witten

lie

lay

lain

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3be(“是/存在”)动词的各种时态变化:

I am….

You are.…

He/She/It is….

We/You/They are….

(I等各人称) will be….

 

I am           

He/She/It is        going to be… 

We/You/They are

I have been….

You have been….

She/he/It has been….

We/You/They have been….

I was….

You were.…

He/She/It was….

We/You/They were….

(I等各人称) would be….

 

I was        

He/She/It was        going to be…

We/You/They were

I had been….

You had been….

She/he/It had been….

We/You/They had been….

注意:句型变化时,

否定句在am /is /are /will /have /has /was /were /had /would 后面加not,而且not都可以缩写为n’t (am后面not不可以缩写)

疑问句将am /is /are /will /have /has /was /were /had /would 提前到句首。

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